Bahrain School was founded in August 1968 in Awali, as the Bahrain American Elementary School, a Department of Defense School with a staff of one teaching principal and three teachers. They provided for the educational needs of forty students in grades one through eight. By 1970, the school began accepting English speaking Bahraini students and other non-Department of Defense sponsored students. With the addition of these students, the school grew rapidly until, by January 1972, the enrollment was approximately two hundred elementary and correspondence course secondary students. In January 1972, in expectation of even further expansion, the school was moved from Awali to a twenty-four-acre campus in Juffair.